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Bytniewski, P. (2010/1). Kim jest autor?”: O krytycznej świadomości autorstwa. Filo-Sofija, 10, 73–106. 
Added by: Paweł Bytniewski (30 Sep 2012 21:54:55 Europe/Warsaw)   Last edited by: Paweł Bytniewski (04 Jan 2013 13:37:47 Europe/Warsaw)
Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Bytniewski2010/1a
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Categories: General
Keywords: Author. Literature, Experience, Foucault, language
Creators: Bytniewski
Collection: Filo-Sofija
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Attachments   URLs   http://www.filo-sofija.pl
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Added by: Paweł Bytniewski  Last edited by: Paweł Bytniewski
Abstract
“What is an Author?” On Foucault’s Consciousness of an Authorship
One of the major obstacles to reconstructing Foucault’s attitude towards an authorship issue is multiplicity of his own roles which as an author he fulfilled. An Authorship as a theme of his texts, as a prefiguration of nonexistent “Man” and his own authorship as a problem, as a way of “detaching myself from myself” - all these are the forms of Foucauldian ideas about an authorship and, at the same time, forms of his consciousness of his own authorship. Foucault historicizes and dissipates an authorship: an author is a function rather than the originator of texts. Writing, in this perspective, is a kind of conversion, decomposition of subjectivity into something else and even explosion. To say “I” doesn’t prove to be an ego. Additionally, Foucault notoriously suggests that his books are fiction. To be an author in this way is a way of being within the discourse and, as a consequence of it, to be trapped in its power.
Foucault’s own rewriting of his theoretical biography includes turns and returns: as he repeatedly claims, he wrote in order to transform himself. He uses the processes of writing to simulate production of his subjective identity and, at the same time, to summarize, recapitulate his own oeuvre from current position.
To cope with this suggestive and bizarre claims one should employ Roland Barthes distinction: écrivains (authors) et écrivants (writers). When Foucault-écrivain decomposes his ego, his own mode of existence by the use of writing, Foucault-écrivant, in an act of writing, writes himself, as an author. When Foucault- écrivain “writes fictions”, Foucault écrivant, in an act of “self-writing” (l’écriture de soi), establishes the object of a critique - Foucault.
Added by: Paweł Bytniewski  Last edited by: Paweł Bytniewski
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